Brazil is one of the most biodiverse countries in the world. Studies indicate that there are more than 300 native fruits in Brazil. Some of them are already well known around the world, such as açaí and the passion fruit. But there is still a range of other fruits that many foreigners are unaware of and can be amazed when they taste it for the first time.
We list here some fruits of the Cerrado and the Atlantic Forest that you need to try while you are in Brazil.
Composed of two parts: the cashew nut and the floral peduncle. After the nut is toasted, it is consumed as a snack and exported worldwide. The pulp is fleshy and can be yellow, red or pink. Cashew is high in Vitamin C and iron. In addition to being consumed raw, cashews can also be used to make juices, desserts, liqueurs and more.
The cajá is a sour and bittersweet fruit. Great source of vitamins, high in fiber, phosphorus, iron, and calcium. Its pulp is used in the production of jellies, juices, and desserts.
Umbu (Brazil plum):
An aromatic fruit with juicy pulp, the umbu is very refreshing. It has lots of vitamin C (more than oranges), and also Vitamin A, iron, calcium and phosphorus.
It can be green, yellow or purple on the outside and pink or white on the inside. It contains many seeds that can be swallowed without any problems. Guavas are low in fat and sugar and can be consumed by people’s diets.
It is red and sour. Although very popular among Brazilians, it is not usually commercialized because it is very sensitive to transportation. It is a great antioxidant and it is high on many vitamins and minerals.
Jabuticaba (Brazilian grape):
A thick-skinned berry with a gelatinous flesh and a single seed. The fruits grow directly on the trunk of the tree. They are mainly consumed raw but are also great to make jelly, liqueur, and wine.
Pinhão (pinion fruit):
Pinhão is the seed of a tree called Araucaria, traditional of Paraná. The pinion is a great source of important fibers, proteins, carbohydrates, and minerals. It is traditionally consumed roasted or boiled and can be eaten sweet or salty.
It is a fruit that contains latex and can be used to make glue and medicine when it is still green. When riped, it has a yellow peel and is very sweet. It has Vitamins B1, B2, B5 and C. Its peel releases a white, viscous milk that sticks to the lips like glue.
Castanha do Pará (Brazil nut):
High in healthy fat, minerals and has great nutritional value.
Where to buy Brazilian fruits in Rio de Janeiro
The Hortifruti supermarkets usually have a variety of fruits for purchase. There you can also buy exotic imported fruits that are not easy to find in other supermarkets.
45 Dias da Rocha Street – Copacabana.
74 Siqueira Campos Street – Copacabana.
54 Teixeira de Melo Street – Ipanema.
323 Voluntários da Pátria Street – Botafogo.
57 Dias Ferreira Street – Leblon.
The Municipal Market (also known as CADEG) is a large shopping area where you can find almost anything: fruits, clothes, flowers, cereals, spices and much more. The right place to find a great variety of products at a very good price. This is where most sellers buy their products to resell.
Address: 110 Capitão Felix Street – Benfica.
In Brazil, it is very common for people to buy fruits and vegetables at street markets. They take place in many parts of the city – each one of them has its exact day and place. The best thing is to visit the street markets very early in the morning to choose the freshest fruits. However, in the end it is common to get better prices for the remaining products. They usually run from 7am until 1pm.
A few addresses:
Praça Nelson Mandela – Botafogo (Saturdays)
Praça Nossa Senhora da Paz – Ipanema (Fridays)
Praça General Osório – Ipanema (Tuesdays)
Gustavo Sampaio Street – Leme (Mondays)
Praça Edmundo Bittencourt – Copacabana (Wednesdays)
Praça São Perpétuo – Barra da Tijuca (Thursdays and Sundays)