The use of Present Tense in Portuguese (Presente do Indicativo)

  • We use the present tense to talk about current events, habits, routine or something you consider permanent.
  • We can also use the present tense to indicate an action in the future. But, in that case, we need to use words that ‘define’ the future. Example: Ele viaja amanhã. (He travels tomorrow.)

 

Conjugation of Present Tense in Portuguese (Presente do Indicativo)

Are you ready to learn about the conjugation of the verbs?

Let’s go!

Verbs ending in -ar

Falar (To speak)

Eu falo (I speak)
Você/Ele/Ela fala (You/He/She speaks)
Nós falamos (We speak)
Vocês/Eles/Elas falam (They speak)

Verbs ending in -er

Beber (To drink)

Eu bebo (I drink)
Você/Ele/Ela bebe (You/He/She speaks)
Nós bebemos (We speak)
Vocês/Eles/Elas bebem (They speak)

Verbs ending in -ir

Abrir (To open)

Eu abro (I open)
Você/Ele/Ela abre (You/He/She opens)
Nós abrimos (We open)
Vocês/Eles/Elas abrem (They open)

 

“A gente” instead of “Nós”

Ps: When using “a gente” instead of “nós”, we use the verb in the singular form. A gente fala / A gente bebe / A gente abre.

present tense in portugueseA gente fala português! (We speak Portuguese!)

present tense in portugueseDavi bebe café todos os dias. (Davi drinks coffee everyday.)

present tense in portugueseBreno abre a porta. (Breno opens the door.)

 

Other regular verbs

-ar: Dançar, pagar estudar, trabalhar, cantar, comprar, pegar, tomar, jantar, almoçar, alugar, acordar, etc.

-er: Comer, escrever, vender, oferecer, descer, entender, correr, esquecer, prometer, etc.

-ir: Partir, assistir, insistir, dividir, discutir, permitir, desistir, proibir, etc.

 

Homework

Now it’s your turn.

Complete the sentences:

  1. Bel _____ (tomar) café da manhã todos os dias. [Bel _____ (to have) breakfast every day.]
  2. Marcela e Fernando _____ (dançar) funk aos sábados. [Marcela and Fernando _____ (to dance) funk on Saturdays.]
  3. Eu _____ (falar) português, inglês e espanhol. [I _____ (to speak) Portuguese, English and Spanish.]
  4. Nós não _____ (comprar) pão durante a semana. [We don’t _____ (to buy) bread during weekdays.]
  5. Damião _____ (entender) tudo. [Damião _____ (to understand) it all.]
  6. Amanda e Maria _____ (correr) na praia de manhã. [Amanda and Maria _____ (to run) at the beach in the mornings.]
  7. Lennon não _____ (esquecer) o nome das pessoas facilmente. [Lennon doesn’t _____ (to forget) people’s name easily.]
  8. A gente nunca _____ (comer) massa de noite. [We never _____ (to eat) pasta at night.]
  9. Deise _____ (assistir) ao futebol feminino. [Deise _____ (to watch) the women’s football game.]
  10. O avião _____ (partir) às 21h. [The plane _____ (to leave) at 9pm.]
  11. A professora não _____ (permitir) comer na sala de aula. [The teacher doesn’t _____ (to allow) people to eat inside the classroom.]
  12. Eu _____ (insistir) em falar com você. [I _____ (to insist) on talking to you.]

 

Answers

  1. toma
  2. dançam
  3. falo
  4. compramos
  5. entende
  6. correm
  7. esquece
  8. come
  9. assiste
  10. parte
  11. permite
  12. insisto

 

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